Hematoma: A build-up of blood that may appear within a few hours to several days after the surgery. Although rare (less than 5% of all cases), in the vast majority of cases, another surgery is needed to treat it, and a temporary small drainage tube is installed as well.
Infection: two types are found. The first type, called cellulitis, is a superficial infection found around the incision. This infection is easily treated with antibiotics. The second type, called abscess, is an infectious collection. Another surgery is needed to treat it, and a temporary small drainage tube is installed as well.
Dehiscence: a wound disruption after a surgery. This complication is relatively common, especially after a major breast reduction. In general, dehiscence is a minor problem that has no consequences, only causing a few days delay in complete healing of wounds.
Asymmetry: may occur after the surgery, but it is often hardly noticeable. It is more frequent in patients in whom an asymmetry was already present before the procedure.
Fat necrosis: occurs when a part of the fatty breast tissue has died. This is a minor complication characterized by potential nodules which can be felt under the skin.
Nipple necrosis: the most feared complication by surgeons. It corresponds to the death of all or some of the cells in the nipple and the areola. It is extremely rare (less than 1 % of all cases). If necrosis occurs, various techniques can be used for reconstructing the nipple.
Decreased nipple sensation: may occur as a result of irritation of the sensitive nerves during the surgery. This is usually temporary. A permanent loss of sensation is extremely rare.
Scarring: any hypertrophic (thick) scar that occurs will be treated.